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PPL(A) English - Private Pilot License (Aircraft) Simulazione d'esame
120 domande in 120 minuti ppl-en
1 - Given: TC: 183°; WCA: +011°; MH: 198°; CH: 200° What are the VAR and the DEV?
VAR: 004° W. DEV: +002°.
VAR: 004° W. DEV: -002°
VAR: 004° E. DEV: +002°.
VAR: 004° E. DEV: -002°
2 - Assume zero wind and an aircraft descending from 7500 ft to 1200 ft with an average true airspeed (TAS) during the descent of 105 kt. The rate of descent (ROD) equals 800 ft/min. The elapsed time will be...
3 - What does the reported runway condition "DAMP" mean?
Wet surface, but no significant puddles are visible
Change of colour on the surface due to moisture
The runway is clear of water, ice, and snow
A large part of the surface is flooded
4 - An acceleration during a straight horizontal flight can lead to the illusion of...
An inverted flight.
5 - What is the correct course of action when experiencing a radio failure in class D airspace?
The flight has to be continued above 5000 feet complying with VFR flight rules or the airspace has to be left by the shortest route
The flight has to be continued according to the last clearance complying with VFR rules or the airspace has to be left by the shortest route
The flight has to be continued above 5000 feet complying with VFR flight rules or the airspace has to be left using a standard routing
The flight has to be continued according to the last clearance complying with VFR flight rules or the airspace has to be left using a standard routing
6 - (For this questions, use attachment or CAP697 SEP1 Fig. 2.2 Table 2.2.3) Planning a flight from EDWF (Leer Papenburg) to EDWH (Oldenburg Hatten), the following conditions apply: Cruise level = FL 75 Temperature = ISA Cruise weight = 3400 lbs Power setting = 23.0 in. HG @ 2300 RPM Determine True Airspeed (TAS) and Fuel Flow (FF): (2,00 P.) Siehe Anlage 21
TAS = 145 kt FF = 71.1 GPH
TAS = 160 kt FF = 12.3 GPH
TAS = 160 kt FF = 11.9 GPH
TAS = 145 kt FF = 11.9 GPH
7 - Wake turbulence is particularly strong...
When flying at high speeds
When flying at high altitudes
When flying at low speeds
When flying at low altitudes
8 - What has to be considered when taking off in a ground inversion?
Climb should be performed with the lowest possible speed and maximum power
Due to low temperatures close to the ground, icing has to be expected
During climb, a sudden decrease in speed and climb performance has to be expected
During the climb, a sudden increase in speed and climb performance has to be expected
9 - In what different ways can a risk be handled appropriately?
Extrude, avoid, palliate, transfer
Ignore, accept, transfer, extrude
Avoid, reduce, transfer, accept
Avoid, ignore, palliate, reduce
10 - What is the meaning of the abbreviation "TRA"? (
Temporary Reserved Airspace
Temporary Radar Routing Area
11 - What is the correct way of using the aircraft call sign at first contact?
Using the first two characters only
Using the last two characters only
Using the first three characters only
Using all characters
12 - What does the abbreviation "QUJ" stand for?
True bearing from the station
True bearing to the station
Magnetic bearing to the station
Magnetic bearing from the station
13 - What is the direct influence by switching on the carburettor heating on fixed propeller engines during engine run-up?
Angle of attack decreases
Angle of attack increases
14 - Which equipment is needed on board of an aircraft to receive signals from a nondirectional beacon (NDB)?
Course deviation indicator (CDI)
Horizontal situation indicator (HSI)
Automatic direction finder (ADF)
Secondary surveillance radar (SSR)
15 - What cloud type does the picture show? See figure (MET-004).Siehe Anlage 3
16 - A deceleration during a straight horizontal flight can lead to the illusion of...
An inverted flight.
17 - With regard to flaps, which of the following options provides a lift-increasing effect?
With regard to flaps, which of the following options provides a lift-increasing effect?
Increasing the aerofoil camber
Decreasing the form drag
Lowering the induced drag
18 - What is the required distance to climb to flight level (FL) 75 after a departure from an airfield which is located at a pressure altitude of 3000 ft with an initial mass of 3000 lbs? OAT at airfield: 25° C OAT in FL 75: 0° C See annex (PFP-023) (1,00 P.) Siehe Anlage 14
19 - What is the correct way of acknowledging "You are now entering airspace Delta"?
20 - The trim wheel or lever in the cockpit is moved aft by the pilot. What effect does this action have on the trim tab and on the elevator?
The trim tab moves up, the elevator moves up
The trim tab moves up, the elevator moves down
The trim tab moves down, the elevator moves up
The trim tab moves down, the elevator moves down
21 - Considering the following fuel data, how much trip fuel is required? Fuel for start-up and taxi: 5 L Fuel for take-off and climb: 12 L Fuel for cruise flight: 25 L Fuel for descent, approach and landing: 7 L Fuel for taxi and parking: 3 L Fuel to alternate: 13 L Final reserve fuel: 10 L
22 - What does a readability of 3 indicate?
The transmission is readable now and then
The transmission is perfectly readable
The transmission is readable but with difficulty
The transmission is unreadable
23 - In which situation is it NOT possible to achieve a pressure compensation between the middle ear and the environment?
During a light and slow climb
All windows are completely closed
Breathing takes place using the mouth only
The eustachien tube is blocked
24 - The symbol labeled (1) as shown in the picture is a / an... See figure (MET-005) (1,00 P.) Siehe Anlage 4
25 - At which altitude is the atmospheric pressure approximately half the MSL value (1013 hPa)?
26 - Complacency is a risk due to...
The high number of mistakes normally made by humans.
Increased cockpit automation.
The high error rate of technical systems.
Better training options for young pilots.
27 - What does "WATER PATCHES" mean regarding the reported runway condition?
A large part of the surface is flooded
Patches of standing water are visible
Wet surface, but no significant patches are visible
The runway is clear of water, ice, and snow
28 - The "swiss cheese model" can be used to explain the...
Procedure for an emergency landing.
Optimal problem solution.
State of readiness of a pilot.
29 - A risk factor for decompression sickness is...
Scuba diving prior to flight.
100 % oxygen after decompression.
30 - If surrounded by airflow (v>0), any arbitrarily shaped body produces...
Lift without drag.
Drag and lift.
Constant drag at any speed.
31 - The term "aerodrome elevation" is defined as...
The highest point of the landing area.
The lowest point of the landing area.
The highest point of the apron.
The average value of the height of the manoeuvring area
32 - How can the pilot of an an engine-driven aircraft minimise the noise emission during descent and approach?
How can the pilot of an an engine-driven aircraft minimise the noise emission during descent and approach?
Descent and approach in landing configuration while maintaining a descent angle of 3°, direct approach whenever possible
Low approach with minimum power setting, late configuration and steep approach, adherence to established arrival routes
High approach with minimum power setting, late descent, late configuration, adherence to established arrival routes
33 - A take-off with flaps in take-off position causes...
An increased rate of climb
An increased acceleration
A shortening of the take-off run.
A decrease in drag.
34 - Which answer is correct with regard to separation in airspace "E"?
IFR traffic is separated only from VFR traffic
VFR traffic is separated from VFR and IFR traffic
VFR traffic is separated only from IFR traffic
VFR traffic is not separated from any other traffic
35 - The empty weight and the corresponding center of gravity (CG) of an aircraft are initially determined...
Through data provided by the aircraft manufacturer.
For one aircraft of a type only, since all aircraft of the same type have the same mass and CG position.
36 - The transponder code in case of a radio communication failure is...
37 - Which transponder code indicates a radio failure?
38 - On what frequency shall a blind transmission be made?
On the appropriate FIS frequency
On a radar frequency of the lower airspace
On the current frequency
On a tower frequency
39 - Given the following information, what is the aircraft position at the cross bearing? VOR Hamburg (HAM) (53°41?N, 010°12?E): Radial 119° VOR Brünkendorf (BKD) (53°02?N, 011°33?E): Radial 320° See annex (NAV-031) (1,00 P.) Siehe Anlage 3
40 - In a METAR, "heavy rain" is designated by the identifier...
41 - What is the subject of ICAO Annex 1?
Air traffic services
Flight crew licensing
Rules of the air
Operation of aircraft
42 - In a METAR, "(moderate) showers of rain" are designated by the identifier...
43 - What frontal line divides subtropical air from polar cold air, in particular across Central Europe?
44 - Given the following data: Take-Off fuel = 200 lbs Alternate fuel = 40 lbs Final reserve fuel = 30 lbs After 25 minutes the remaining fuel is 120 lbs. Assuming that fuel flow will remain unchanged, the remaining time to the destination should not exceed:
45 - Which of the stated surfaces will reduce the wind speed most due to ground friction?
Flat land, deserted land, no vegetation
Mountainous areas, vegetation cover
Flat land, lots of vegetation cover
46 - Which of the following options states a correct position report?
DEABC reaching "N"
DEABC over "N" in FL 2500 ft
DEABC, "N", 2500 ft
DEABC over "N" at 35
47 - The pressure which is measured at a ground station and reduced to mean sea level (MSL) by means of the actual atmospheric conditions is called...
48 - What is the meaning of the white arc on the airspeed indicator?
Speed range in bumpy air
Speed range in smooth air
Speed range for extended flaps
Speed range not to exceed
49 - Given: True course: 270°. TAS: 100 kt. Wind: 090°/25 kt. Distance: 100 NM. The flight time equals...
50 - In which phase of flight must the carburettor heating be switched off although carburettor icing might be expected?
51 - Times are transmitted as...
Time zone time
52 - An aircraft in the northern hemisphere intends to turn on the shortest way from a heading of 270° to a heading of 360°. At approximately which indication of the magnetic compass should the turn be terminated?
53 - What has to be considered with regard to the center of gravity position?
The center of gravity's position can only be determined during flight.
Only correct loading can assure a correct and safe center of gravity position
By moving the elevator trim tab, the center of gravity can be shifted into a correct position
By moving the aileron trim tab, the center of gravity can be shifted into a correct position.
54 - The correct transponder code for emergencies is...
55 - (For this question, please use annex PFP-061) According ICAO, what symbol indicates a group of unlighted obstacles? (2,00 P.) Siehe Anlage 22
56 - When preparing to carry out the weighing procedure on an aircraft, which of the following is required?
Drain all engine tank oil
Remove service equipment
Drain all useable fuel
Remove the batteries
57 - What is the meaning of the abbreviation "ARC"?
Airworthiness Recurring Control
Airspace Rulemaking Committee
Airspace Restriction Criteria
Airworthiness Review Certificate
58 - The pressure compensation between wind upper and lower surface results in ...
Laminar airflow by wing tip vortices.
Profile drag by wing tip vortices.
Induced drag by wing tip vortices.
Lift by wing tip vortices
59 - What is the meaning of a flashing green light signal at a controlled aerodrome directed to an aircraft in flight?
Return for landing, followed by steady green at the appropriate time
Cleared to land
Give way to other aircraft and continue circling
Airport unsafe, do not land
60 - The position of the center of gravity (including fuel) equals... See figure(PFP-053e) (1,00 P.) Siehe Anlage 2
61 - QFE is the...
Barometric pressure at a reference datum, typically the runway threshold of an airfield.
Barometric pressure adjusted to sea level, using the international standard atmosphere (ISA).
Magnetic bearing to a station
Altitude above the reference pressure level 1013.25 hPa
62 - Wie beeinflusst die Lufttemperatur die Leistung eines Kolbenmotors?
Geringere Temperatur entspricht höherer Luftdichte, dies führt zu geringerer Motorleistung
Höhere Temperatur entspricht geringerer Luftdichte, dies führt zu geringerer Motorleistung
Höhere Temperatur entspricht höherer Luftdichte, dies führt zu höherer Motorleistung
Geringere Temperatur entspricht geringerer Luftdichte, dies führt zu höherer Motorleistung
63 - What are the air masses that Central Europe is mainly influenced by?
Arctic and polar cold air
Polar cold air and tropical warm air
Equatorial and tropical warm air
Tropical and arctic cold air
64 - What minimum coverage with ice or snow must be given to call a runway "contaminated"?
65 - What is the meaning of the phrase "Correction"?
Permission for proposed action is granted
An error has been made in this transmission. The correct version is...
I have received all of your last transmission
I understand your message and will comply with it
66 - Which type of ice forms by large, supercooled droplets hitting the front surfaces of an aircraft?
67 - What weather conditions in Central Europe are typically found in high pressure areas during summer?
Large isobar spacing with calm winds, formation of local wind systems
Large isobar spacing with strong prevailing westerly winds
Small isobar spacing with calm winds, formation of local wind systems
Small isobar spacing with strong prevailing northerly winds
68 - What is the required fuel to climb from FL 65 to FL 95 under the following conditions? Aircraft mass: 3000 lb. OAT in FL 65: -5° C OAT in FL 95: -15° C See annex (PFP-023) (1,00 P.) Siehe Anlage 14
69 - Which transponder code has to be set unrequested during an emergency?
70 - In order to improve the stall characteristics of an aircraft, the wing is twisted outwards (the angle of incidence varies spanwise). This is known as...
71 - The saturated adiabatic lapse rate should be assumed with a mean value of:
1,0° C / 100 m.
0° C / 100 m
0,6° C / 100 m
2° C / 1000 ft.
72 - Which are the official basic units for horizontal distances used in aeronautical navigation and their abbreviations?
Feet (ft), inches (in)
Nautical miles (NM), kilometers (km)
Yards (yd), meters (m)
Land miles (SM), sea miles (NM)
73 - A precautionary landing is a landing...
Conducted without power from the engine.
Conducted in response to circumstances forcing the aircraft to land.
Conducted in an attempt to sustain flight safety.
Conducted with the flaps retracted.
74 - Given: WCA: -012°; TH: 125°; MC: 139°; DEV: 002°E What are: TC, MH und CH?
TC: 113°. MH: 127°. CH: 129°.
TC: 137°. MH: 127°. CH: 125°.
TC: 137°. MH: 139°. CH: 125°.
TC: 113°. MH: 139°. CH: 129°.
75 - What weather phenomena have to be expected around an upper-level trough?
Calm wind, forming of shallow cumulus clouds
Calm weather, formation of lifted fog layers
Formation of high stratus clouds, ground-covering cloud bases
Development of showers and thunderstorms (Cb)
76 - Where does the condensation water converge in the tank?
It floats on the fuel
It floats on the fuel
At the lowest position
It is mixed with the fuel
77 - The beginning of the green arc (2) indicates which airspeed? See figure (PFP-008) (1,00 P.) Siehe Anlage 8
VS1: Stall speed with flaps up
VS0: Stall speed in landing configuration
VFE: Maximum flap extended speed
VNO: Maximum speed for normal operations
78 - What impression may be caused when approaching a runway with an upslope?
A landing beside the centerline
A hard landing
79 - During a flight, a flight plan can be filed at the...
Flight Information Service (FIS).
Search and Rescue Service (SAR).
Next airport operator en-route.
Aeronautical Information Service (AIS).
80 - The formation of medium to large precipitation particles requires...
A high cloud base.
An inversion layer.
81 - What danger is most imminent during an approach to an airfield situated in a valley, with strong wind aloft blowing perpendicular to the mountain ridge?
Reduced visibilty, maybe loss of sight to the airfield during final approach
Formation of medium to heavy clear ice on all aircraft surfaces
Heavy downdrafts within rainfall areas below thunderstorm clouds
Wind shear during descent, wind direction may change by 180°
82 - Which of the following documents have to be on board for an international flight? a) Certificate of aircraft registration b) Certificate of airworthiness c) Airworthiness review certificate d) EASA Form-1 e) Airplane logbook f) Appropriate papers for every crew member g) Technical logbook
B, c, d, e, f, g
A, b, c, e, f
A, b, e, g
D, f, g
83 - Urgency messages are messages...
Concerning aircraft and their passengers which face a grave and imminent threat and require immediate assistance.
Concerning the safety of an aircraft, a watercraft or some other vehicle or person in sight.
Concerning the operation or maintenance of facilities essential for the safety or regularity of aircraft operation.
Sent by a pilot or an aircraft operating agency which have an imminent meaning for aircraft in flight
84 - What is the approximate speed of electromagnetic wave propagation?
85 - How should a landing on a contaminated runway be conducted if it proves to be inevitable?
Approach with the minimum crosswind component possible, use minimum flaps, touch down softly with positive pitch and minimum speed, do not apply brakes
Approach with the minimum crosswind component possible, use maximum flaps, touch down with negative pitch and minimum speed, brake carefully
Approach with the minimum crosswind component possible, use maximum flaps, touch down firmly with minimum speed, brake carefully
Approach with the minimum crosswind component possible, use minimum flaps, touch down softly with minimum speed, do not apply brakes
86 - "Longitudinal stability" is referred to as stability around which axis?
87 - What is the purpose of a ground adjustable trim tab?
It is set on the ground to correct an out-of-trim condition arising from the mass and balance situation of an aircraft
It is preset on the ground and further adjusted in flight to reduce the need to constantly re-trim the aircraft
It is used to optimize the handling characteristics of an aircraft during ground operations
It is a non-movable metal tab on a flight control which is adjusted on the ground to optimize the inflight characteristics of an aircraft
88 - The angle of descent is defined as...
The ratio between the change in height and the horizontal distance travelled within the same time, expressed in percent [%]
The angle between a horizontal plane and the actual flight path, expressed in degrees [°].
The ratio between the change in height and the horizontal distance distance travelled within the same time, expressed in degrees [°].
The angle between a horizontal plane and the actual flight path, expressed in percent [%].
89 - Which statement describes a situation of static stability?
An aircraft distorted by external impact will tend to an even more deflected position
An aircraft distorted by external impact will return to the original position
An aircraft distorted by external impact can return to its original position by rudder input
An aircraft distorted by external impact will maintain the deflected position
90 - According to ICAO Anex 14, which is the colour marking of a runway?
91 - The trim tab at the elevator is defelected upwards. In which position is the corresponding indicator?
92 - Which of the following qualities are influenced by stress? 1. Attention 2. Concentration 3. Responsiveness 4. Memory
1, 2, 3, 4
1, 2, 3
93 - Given: Calibrated airspeed (CAS): 155 kt. Flight level (FL) 80. Outside air temperature (OAT): +15° C. The true airspeed (TAS) equals...
94 - What is the unit for voltage?
95 - About how many axes does an aircraft move and how are these axes called?
4; optical axis, imaginary axis, sagged axis, axis of evil
4; vertical axis, lateral axis, longitudinal axis, axis of speed
3; x-axis, y-axis, z-axis
3; vertical axis, lateral axis, longitudinal axis
96 - The ongoing process to monitor the current flight situation is called...
Constant flight check.
Anticipatory check procedure.
97 - During a flight at FL 80, the altimeter setting has to be...
98 - Which option states a benefit of wing washout?
Structurally the wing is made more rigid against rotation
With the washout the form drag reduces at high speeds
Greater hardness because the wing can withstand more torsion forces
At high angles of attack the effectiveness of the aileron is retained as long as possible
99 - The center of gravity has to be located...
Between the front and the rear C.G. limit.
Behind the rear C.G. limit.
In front of the front C.G. limit
Right of the lateral C. G. limit.
100 - Which of the following are an aircraft's secondary flight controls?
Elevator, rudder, aileron
All movable parts on the aircraft which aid in controlling the aircraft
Elevator, rudder, aileron, trim tabs, high-lift wing devices, power controls
Wing flaps, leading edge devices, spoilers or speedbrakes, trim systems
101 - What engines are commonly used with Touring Motor Gliders (TMG)?
4 Cylinder; 4 stroke
4 Cylinder 2 stroke
2 Cylinder Diesel
2 plate Wankel
102 - What is the true airspeed (TAS) [kt] and fuel consumption [l/h] for cruise flight with 70 % power in flight level 60 under the following conditions? Temperature: ISA - 20° C QNH: 980 hPa See annex (PFP-012) (2,00 P.) Siehe Anlage 10
110 kt. 23.9 l/h.
100 kt. 19.3 l/h.
95 kt. 19.6 l/h.
105 kt. 21.5 l/h
103 - Temperatures will be given by meteorological aviation services in Europe in which unit?
Degrees Centigrade (° C)
104 - Which phenomenon may be expected at point 2 of the microburst? See figure (OPR-001) (1,00 P.) Siehe Anlage 1
Constant rate of descent
Decrease of descent rate
Increase of airspeed
Decrease of climb rate
105 - Why is it dangerous to pump the throttle for engine start in cold weather?
It may cause a carburettor fire
Carburettor icing can occur
The engine might start with not enough power
The oil will become diluted
106 - Which are the properties of a Lambert conformal chart?
Great circles are depicted as straight lines and the chart is an equal-area projection
The chart is conformal and an equal-area projection
The chart is conformal and nearly true to scale
Rhumb lines are depicted as straight lines and the chart is conformal
107 - Air traffic control service is conducted by which services?
TWR (aerodrome control service) APP (approach control service) ACC (area control service)
APP (approach control service) ACC (area control service) FIS (flight information service)
ALR (alerting service) SAR (search and rescue service) TWR (aerodrome control service)
FIS (flight information service) AIS (aeronautical information service) AFS (aeronautical fixed telecommunication service)
108 - The angle between the magnetic course and the true course is called...
109 - Given: True course: 120°. TAS: 120 kt. Wind: 150°/12 kt. The WCA equals...
6° to the right.
3° to the left.
3° to the right.
6° to the left.
110 - What is the function of the static rudder balance?
To trim the controls almost without any force
To increase the control stick forces
To limit the control stick forces
To prevent control surface flutter
111 - The range of a VOR is affected by...
Reflected sky waves.
Multipath propagation of the ground wave
Transmitter and receiver altitude.
112 - Which statement about induced drag during the horizontal cruise flight is correct?
Induced drag has a minimum at a certain speed and increases at higher as well as lower speeds
Induced drag has a maximum at a certain speed and decreases at higher as well as lower speeds
Induced drag increases with increasing airspeed
Induced drag decreases with increasing airspeed
113 - Given the following conditions, the take-off distance equals... Outside air temperature: -20° C Pressure Altitude: 5000 ft Aeroplane mass: 750 kg Headwind: 10 kt
114 - Which curve represents the induced drag? See Appendix (PFA-011)
115 - Which of the items below may have an influence on the noise perceived by a person on the ground? 1) Engine power setting 2) Propeller revolutions per minute 3) Position of the landing gear 4) Flap position 5) Flight track 6) Height above ground 7) Flight rules
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
1, 5, 6
1, 5, 6, 7
3, 4, 5, 6, 7
116 - What is the lowest possible VFR flight level if a true course of 181° is selected and a variation of 3° east exists?
117 - Given: Ground speed (GS): 160 kt. True course (TC): 177°. Wind vector (W/WS): 140°/20 kt. The true heading (TH) equals...
118 - What are the minimum requirements among others to acquire a rating for VFR night flights?
At least 10 additional flight hours at night, three of them with a flight instructor with at least 1 hour cross-country flight plus 5 solo take-offs and full-stop landings
At least 5 additional flight hours at night, four of them with a flight instructor with at least 1 hour cross-country flight plus 5 solo take-offs and full-stop landings
At least 5 additional flight hours at night, three of them with a flight instructor with at least 1 hour cross-country flight plus 5 solo take-offs and full-stop landings
At least 5 additional flight hours at night, three of them with a flight instructor with at least 1 hour cross-country flight plus 10 solo take-offs and full-stop landings
119 - Which gas is most dangerous during an engine fire?
120 - The validity of a medical examination certificate class 2 for a 62 years old pilot is...
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